Dentists usually recommend orthodontic treatment, also known as braces, for several reasons. The need for braces can vary from improving esthetics, to improving functionality, to improving accessibility for hygiene. Whichever reason the dentist makes his/her recommendation, the result will be such that all three areas are improved.
Crowding of teeth can make cleaning your teeth difficult. Not only is it difficult for you brush to reach areas to remove debris, but flossing can be difficult as well. Poor hygiene can lead to periodontal disease which, if left untreated, can lead to loss of supporting bone around the tooth making it come loose. Poor hygiene can also lead to tooth decay, a common problem in people with crowded teeth. Crowding also leads to poor masticatory function. Simply put, this means you can’t chew your food well. Digestion of food begins with your ability to break the food down mechanically, through chewing, prior to it being broken down chemically in our stomach. Poor digestion can lead to problems such as acid reflux and poor bowel movements. I can also exacerbate gastric problems such as Ciliac Disease, Crohn’s Disease, Diverticulitis, Etc.
Anyone can get braces any time. In fact, we are now seeing a trend where adults are getting braces, some for their first time, and others for their second time. As we all know, our teeth shift many times within our lifetime. If you had braces once before, your teeth may not look as nice as it once did. Thus, many adults seek orthodontic treatment to rejuvenate their smile.
Your dental professional can help you decide if orthodontics is best for you. They can also refer you to a specialist, called an Orthodontist, so that you get the best treatment possible.